Key Concepts 6


Utopia =is an imagined community or society that possesses highly desirable or nearly perfect qualities. – Word origin is Greek for ‘no place‘.

The word was coined by Thomas Moore, in his book ‘Utopia’, describing a fictional island in the Atlantic ocean.

Dystopia=an imagined place or state in which everything is unpleasant or bad, typically a totalitarian or environmentally degraded one.


Examples of Utopian ideas in both art and society:

Bauhaus – It was a utopian vision of art and design. That art was a powerful tool to influence the world. ‘Making the world a better place’.img_20080715_111436_2393

Buckminster Fuller – ‘4D House’ 1927, ‘Dymaxion Car #3’ 1933, ‘Geodesic Dome’ (The Eden Project 2000)

Walt Disney – Disneyland, A portal of the American dream through fantasy. o-DISNEY-2-900.jpg

Sputnik II satellite 1957 – Was the fit artificial earth satellite, it travelled at about 29,000 kilometres per hour, taking 96.2 minutes to complete each orbit.Sputnik, hanging in Milestones of Flight, National Air and Space Museum

Apollo II Mission 21st July 1969 – The first man on the moon, there is controversy of whether or not this really happened. 142860084624511428601000

‘Merry Pranksters’ – Ken Kesey and the Merry Pranksters are noted for the sociological significance of a lengthy road trip they took in the summer of 1964, traveling across the United States in a psychedelic painted school bus called Furthur or Further, organizing parties and giving out/taking LSD. They has a different view of how we should live, they were going against the stereotypical consumer orientated American Dream. 67ecf61bd0775d7784c8a306a6ed0e1f.jpeg

Ant Farm – ‘Media Van’ 1971, ’50 x 50 pillow’, Media Bern’ 1971, ‘House of the Century’ 1971-73.

Agnes Denes – ‘Wheat Field’ 19822719.jpg


Examples of Dystopian ideas in both art and society:

CCTV – Congestion charge, Computers being able to identify faces, British Government Communication HQ.

Singularity – is the hypothesis that the invention of artificial super-intelligence will abruptly trigger runaway technological growth, resulting in unfathomable changes to human civilisation, basically machines being smarter than people.



Author: Crisiant Williams

I am a Fine Art student, studying at Cardiff School of Art and Design.

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